留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

全天空测云技术现状及进展

高太长 刘磊 赵世军 孙学金 刘剑

高太长, 刘磊, 赵世军, 等. 全天空测云技术现状及进展. 应用气象学报, 2010, 21(1): 101-109.
引用本文: 高太长, 刘磊, 赵世军, 等. 全天空测云技术现状及进展. 应用气象学报, 2010, 21(1): 101-109.
Gao Taichang, Liu Lei, Zhao Shi jun, et al. The Actuality and Progress of Whole Sky Cloud Sounding Techniques. Joumal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2010, 21(1): 101-109.
Citation: Gao Taichang, Liu Lei, Zhao Shi jun, et al. The Actuality and Progress of Whole Sky Cloud Sounding Techniques. Joumal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2010, 21(1): 101-109.

全天空测云技术现状及进展

The Actuality and Progress of Whole Sky Cloud Sounding Techniques

  • 摘要: 云是一种常见和重要的天气现象,在大气辐射传输中扮演着重要角色。云的形态、分布、数量及其变化标志着大气运动的状况。云的观测对军事活动、国民经济和社会服务等方面具有重要意义。目前在业务上尚未实现云的自动观测,单点测量云高的仪器已经较为成熟,然而云量和云状的自动观测仪器目前还处于研究阶段。文中总结了目前地基全天空测云仪器现状,分析了全天空云图获取、镜头保护、云点识别、云量计算、云高计算和云状识别等几个测云技术问题,最后从相关测量技术和产品应用角度做一定的思考和展望,认为需要从提高仪器性能、加强云高测量技术攻关、建立器测云分类标准等方面推进全天空测云仪器业务化应用。
  • [1] 林哗.大气探测学教程.北京:气象出版社, 1993.
    [2] 翁笃呜, 韩爱梅.我国卫星总云量与地面总云量分布的对比分析, 应用气象学报.1998, 9(1):32-37. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=19980105&flag=1
    [3] Bradbury D L, Fujita T.Computation of Height and Velocity of Clouds from Dual, Whole-sky, Time-lapse Picture Sequenees.Satellite and Mesometeorology Research Project (SMRP), 1968.
    [4] Gardiner B G, Kirsch P J.Setting Standards for European Ultraviolet Spectroradiometers.EC Air Pollution Report No.53, Commission of European Communities, Luxembourg, 1995 :138.
    [5] Long C N, Slater D W, Tooman T.Total Sky Imager Model 880 Status and Testing Results.ARM Technical Report ARM TR-006, US Department of Energy, Washington DC, 2001.
    [6] Cazorla A, Olmo F J.Alados-Arboledas L, Development of a sky imager for cloud cover assessment.Journal of the Optical Society of America, 2008, 25(1):29-39. doi:  10.1364/JOSAA.25.000029
    [7] 霍娟, 吕达仁.全天空数字相机观测云量的初步研究.南京气象学院学报, 2002, 25(2):242-246. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX200202014.htm
    [8] Shields J E, Karr M E, Tooman T P, et al.The Whole Sky imager-A Year of Progress, Tucson.Arizona, 1998.
    [9] Gaumet J L, Renoux N.Cloud Cover Observations Using an IR Sensor.Phoenix, AZ, 1998 :161-164.
    [10] Genkova I, Long C N, Besnard T, et al.Assessing Cloud Spatial and Vertical Distribution with Infrared Cloud Radiometer CIR-7∥Proceedings of S PIE.2004, 4482 :341-349.
    [11] Besnard T, Gillotay D, Berger L.Ground Based Sky Dome Pictures Generated By Infrared Spectrometric Data ∥Proceedings of SMOI Conf erence.Long Beach, CA, USA, 2003.
    [12] Shaw J A, Thurairajah B.Short-Term Arctic Cloud Statistics at NSA from the Infrared Cloud Imager∥Proceedings of the Thirt eenth ARM Science Team Meeting.Broomfield, CO, 2003
    [13] Shaw J A, Thurairajah B, Edqvist E, et al.Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment at the North Slope of Alaska During Early 2002. 12th ARM Science Team Meeting, Washington, DC, 2002.
    [14] Thurairajah B, Shaw J A.Infrared Cloud Imager Measurements of Cloud Statistics from the 2003 Cloudiness Intercomparison Campaign∥Proceedings of the Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting.Albu querque, New Mexico, 2004.
    [15] Thurairajah B.Thermal Infrared Imaging of the Atmosphere:The Infrared Cloud Imager, Elect Comput Eng Dept.Montana State Univ, Bozeman, 2004.
    [16] Smith S, Toumi R.Measuring cloud cover and brightness temperature with a ground-based thermal infrared camera.J Appl Meteorol Climatol, 2008, 47(2):683-693. doi:  10.1175/2007JAMC1615.1
    [17] 孙学金, 高太长, 翟东力, 等.基于非制冷红外焦平面阵列的全天空红外测云系统.红外与激光工程, 2008, 37(5):761-764. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HWYJ200805006.htm
    [18] 孙晓钢, 孙学金, 牛珍聪, 等.全天空云图获取的一种方式及算法实现.气象科学, 2008, 28(3):338-341. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXKX200803016.htm
    [19] Long C N, Sabburg J M, Calbo J, et al.Retrieving cloud characteristics from ground-based daytime color all-sky images.Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2006, 23(5):633-652. doi:  10.1175/JTECH1875.1
    [20] Tooman T P.Whole Sky Imager Retrieval Guide.ARM TR-011.1, 2003.
    [21] Shields J E, Johnson R W, Karr M E, et al.Daylight Visible/NIR Whole-sky Imagers for Cloud and Radiance Monitoring in Support of UV Research Programs∥ Proc SPIE.2003, 5156 :155-166.
    [22] Yamashita M, Yoshimura M, Nakashizuka T.Cloud Cover Estimation Using Multitemporal Hemisphere ImageriesProc 7th Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (IS PRS04). Istanbul Turky, 2004 :818-821.
    [23] Souza-Echer M P, Pereir A E B, Bins L S, et al.A simple method for the assessment of the cloud cover state in highlatitude regions by a ground-based digital camera.J Atmos Ocean Technol, 2006, 23(3):437-447. doi:  10.1175/JTECH1833.1
    [24] Linfoot A, Alliss R J.A Cloud Detection Algorithm Applied to a Whole Sky Imager Instrument Using Neural Networks, New 0rleans, LA, 2008.
    [25] Shaw J A.Thurairajah B, Statistics of Alaskan clouds from the infrared cloud imager (ICI)∥Proc SPIE Conf Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research.San Diego, C A, 2003 :1-6.
    [26] Thurairajah B, Shaw J A.Cloud statistics measured with the infrared cloud imager (ICI).IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2005, 43(9):2000-2007. doi:  10.1109/TGRS.2005.853716
    [27] Sabburg J M, Long C N.Improved sky imaging for studies of enhanced UV irradiance.Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2004, 4 :6213-6238.
    [28] 谭涌波, 陶善昌, 吕伟涛, 等.双站数字摄像测量云高.应用气象学报, 2005, 16(5):629-637. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20050581&flag=1
    [29] Seiz G, Balt savias E P, Gruen A.Cloud mapping from the ground :Use of photogrammetric methods.PhotogrammEng Remote Sens, 2002, 68(9):941-951. http://www.academia.edu/12775164/Cloud_Mapping_from_the_Ground_Use_of_Photogrammetric_Methods
    [30] Kassianov E, Long C N, Christy J.Cloud-base-height estimation from paired ground-based hemispherical observations.Journal of Applied Meteorology, 2005, 44(8):1221-1233. doi:  10.1175/JAM2277.1
    [31] 章文星, 吕达仁, 常有礼.地基热红外亮温遥感云底高度可行性的模拟研究.地球物理学报, 2007, 50(2):354-363. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQWX200702003.htm
    [32] Buch J K A, Sun C H.Cloud Classification Using Whole-sky Imager Data.9th S ymposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation.Charlotte, North Carolina, 1995 :353-358.
    [33] Peura M, Visa A, Kostamo P.A New Approach to Landbased Cloud Classification∥Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Pattern Recognition (IC PR' 96).Vienna, Austria, 1996, 4 :143-147.
    [34] Singh M, Glennen M.Automated ground-based cloud recognition.Pattern Analysis & Applications, 2005, 8(3):258-271.
    [35] Calbo J, Sabburg J.Feature extraction from whole-sky groundbased images for cloud-type recognition.J Atmos Ocean Technol, 2008, 25(1):3-14. doi:  10.1175/2007JTECHA959.1
    [36] 孙学金, 刘磊, 高太长, 等.基于模糊纹理光谱的全天空红外图像云分类.应用气象学报, 2009, 20(2):157-163. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20090204&flag=1
    [37] Besnard T, Gillotay D, Zanghi F, Intercomparison of Ground Based Methods for Determination of Tropospheric Cloud Based and Cloud Cover Amplitude∥Proceedings of 11th Conferenceon Atmos pheric Radiation.Ogden, UT, USA, 2002.
    [38] Feister U, Shields J.Cloud and radiance measurements with the VIS/NIR daylight whole sky imager at Lindenberg (Germany).Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 2005, 14(5):627-639. doi:  10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0066
    [39] Besnard T, Gillotay D, Zanghi F, et al.Operational Use of Infrared Cloud Analysers in Automatic Observing Networks and for Aeronautic Applications∥Proceedings of IIPS Conference.Long Beach, CA, USA, 2003.
    [40] Pfister G, McKenzie R L.Liley J B, Cloud coverage based on all-sky imaging and its impact on surface solar irradiance.Journal of Applied Meteorology, 2003, 42 :1421-1434. doi:  10.1175/1520-0450(2003)042<1421:CCBOAI>2.0.CO;2
    [41] Smith S, Toumi R.Direct observation of cloud forcing by ground-based thermal imaging.Geophysical Research Letters, 2008, 35(7).
    [42] Musat I C, Ellingson R G.The Use of the ARM WSI to Estimate the Atmospheric Optical Depth at Night, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 2001.
    [43] Olmo F J, Cazorla A, Alados-Arboledas L, et al.Retrieval of the optical depth using an all-sky CCD camera.Applied Optics, 2008, 47(34):182-189. doi:  10.1364/AO.47.00H182
    [44] Martins F R, Souza M P, Pereira E B.Comparative study of satellite and ground techniques for cloud cover determination.Advances in Space Research, 2003, 32(11):2275-2280. doi:  10.1016/S0273-1177(03)90554-0
    [45] Riordan D, Clay R, Maghrabi A, et al.Cloud base temperature measurements using a simple longwave infrared cloud detection system.Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmos-pheres, 2005, 110(D3).
    [46] Shenk W E, Holub R J.A multispectral cloud type identification method developed for tropical ocean areas with Nimbus-3 MRIR measurements.Monthly Weather Review, 1976, 104(3):284-291 doi:  10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0284:AMCTIM>2.0.CO;2
    [47] Lamei N, Hutchison K D, Crawford M M, et al.Cloud-type discrimination via multispectral textural analysis.Optical Engineering, 1994, 33(4):1303-1313. doi:  10.1117/12.166920
    [48] 傅德胜, 王新芝.云图纹理特征的抽取与云的自动分类.南京气象学院学报, 1995, 18(4):530-535. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX504.010.htm
    [49] Ohanian P P, Dubes R C.Performance evaluation of four classes of texture features.Pattern Recognition, 1992, 25(8):819-833. doi:  10.1016/0031-3203(92)90036-I
    [50] Lee J, Weger R C, Sengupta S K, et al.A neural network approach to cloud classification.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1990, 28(5):846-855. doi:  10.1109/36.58972
    [51] Bankert R L.Cloud classification of AVHRR imagery in maritime regions using a probabilistic neural-network.J Appl Meteor, 1994, 33(8):909-918. doi:  10.1175/1520-0450(1994)033<0909:CCOAII>2.0.CO;2
    [52] 师春香, 翟建华.用神经网络方法对NOAA-AVHRR资料进行云客观分类.气象学报, 2002, 60(2):250-256. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB200202016.htm
    [53] 吴咏明, 张韧.多光谱卫星图象的-种模糊聚类方法.热带气象学报, 2004, 20(6):689-696. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDQX200406008.htm
  • [1] 刘健, 王锡津.  主要卫星云气候数据集评述, 应用气象学报. doi: 10.11898/1001-7313.20170602
    [2] 唐英杰, 马舒庆, 杨玲, 陶法, 李思腾, 谢成华, 唐凡洁.  云底高度的地基毫米波云雷达观测及其对比, 应用气象学报. doi: 10.11898/1001-7313.20150604
    [3] 梁丽, 马舒庆, 庞文静, 蒲晓虎.  云闪测向定位算法, 应用气象学报. doi: 10.11898/1001-7313.20150511
    [4] 陶法, 马舒庆, 秦勇, 胡树贞, 温显罡, 雷勇, 郭伟, 张春波.  基于双目成像云底高度测量方法, 应用气象学报.
    [5] 胡树贞, 马舒庆, 陶法, 乔晓燕, 张春波.  基于红外实时阈值的全天空云量观测, 应用气象学报.
    [6] 向玉春, 杨军, 唐仁茂, 付丹红, 李德俊, 彭菊香.  LAPS在冰雹云模拟中的应用, 应用气象学报.
    [7] 刘健.  中国区域云特性分析及在FY-2云检测中的应用, 应用气象学报.
    [8] 孙学金, 刘磊, 高太长, 赵世军, 刘剑, 毛节泰.  基于模糊纹理光谱的全天空红外图像云分类, 应用气象学报.
    [9] 刘喆, 韩志刚, 赵增亮, 张凤英, 李万彪.  利用ATOVS反演产品分析“云娜”台风, 应用气象学报.
    [10] 朱龙彪, 郑铮, 何彩芬.  0414号台风“云娜”多普勒雷达探测, 应用气象学报.
    [11] 谭涌波, 陶善昌, 吕伟涛, 刘亦风.  双站数字摄像测量云高, 应用气象学报.
    [12] 胡雯, 申宜运, 曾光平.  南方夏季对流云人工增雨技术研究, 应用气象学报.
    [13] 周著华, 白洁, 刘健文, 纪飞, 齐琳琳, 李玮.  MODIS多光谱云相态识别技术的应用研究, 应用气象学报.
    [14] 刘健, 许健民, 方宗义.  利用NOAA卫星AVHRR资料分析云的性质, 应用气象学报.
    [15] 张国栋.  冰云短波辐射特性参数化, 应用气象学报.
    [16] 汪宏七, 赵高祥.  云微物理特性对云光学和云辐射性质的影响, 应用气象学报.
    [17] 陈汝珍, 酆大雄, 蒋耿旺, 赵京华.  爆炸对云滴碰并增长的实验研究, 应用气象学报.
    [18] 中国华云技术开发公司成立, 应用气象学报.
    [19] 陈万奎, 严采蘩, 姚瑞平, 王鼎丰.  乌鲁木齐冬季地面云凝结核观测结果, 应用气象学报.
    [20] 陈善敏.  台风同心双环云墙的演变, 应用气象学报.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  7432
  • HTML全文浏览量:  3443
  • PDF下载量:  4457
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2008-12-23
  • 修回日期:  2009-07-23
  • 刊出日期:  2010-02-28

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回