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植物对降水截留的研究进展

郭建平

郭建平. 植物对降水截留的研究进展. 应用气象学报, 2020, 31(6): 641-652. DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20200601.
引用本文: 郭建平. 植物对降水截留的研究进展. 应用气象学报, 2020, 31(6): 641-652. DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20200601.
Guo Jianping. Research progress of precipitation interception by plants. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2020, 31(6): 641-652. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20200601
Citation: Guo Jianping. Research progress of precipitation interception by plants. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2020, 31(6): 641-652. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20200601

植物对降水截留的研究进展

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20200601
资助项目: 

中国气象科学研究院科技发展基金 2019KJ006

详细信息
    通信作者:

    郭建平, gjp@cma.gov.cn

Research Progress of Precipitation Interception by Plants

  • 摘要: 降水资源是植物生长发育和产量形成的主要水分来源,植物通过吸收土壤中的水分维持正常生长发育,降水不仅影响自然植物物种分布,也影响植物生产力。由于未考虑植物冠层对降水的截留作用,在水资源评估和农田水分平衡研究中往往高估降水作用,因此,讨论降水截留在水文生态学和农业气象学中均有重要意义。该文系统介绍降水截留的观测方法,包括间接测量法中各分量测定方法、直接测量法详细过程及应用各种方法需注意的问题;系统回顾有关森林和农作物对降水截留的研究成果;探讨在植物对降水截留研究中存在的主要问题:对截留概念的理解不同导致截留测定结果差异显著,没有完善的方法导致测定结果准确性不足,植物种植密度不同导致截留差异,降水强度不同导致截留差异,风速、植物形态结构、叶片表面特性等因素也会影响降水截留的大小。降水过程中植物叶面蒸发问题、降雪的截留问题、风的影响、研究尺度、研究方法以及综合模拟模型将是未来研究的重点和难点。
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-18
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