留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

水分胁迫/复水对谷子光合特性及产量影响

任传友 姜卓群 苏小琁 米前川 王婧 李玥 高西宁

任传友, 姜卓群, 苏小琁, 等. 水分胁迫/复水对谷子光合特性及产量影响. 应用气象学报, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407..
引用本文: 任传友, 姜卓群, 苏小琁, 等. 水分胁迫/复水对谷子光合特性及产量影响. 应用气象学报, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407.
Ren Chuanyou, Jiang Zhuoqun, Su Xiaoxuan, et al. Effects of water stress/rewatering on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and grain yield of foxtail millet. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407.
Citation: Ren Chuanyou, Jiang Zhuoqun, Su Xiaoxuan, et al. Effects of water stress/rewatering on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and grain yield of foxtail millet. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407.

水分胁迫/复水对谷子光合特性及产量影响

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20210407
资助项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2019YFD1002204

详细信息
    通信作者:

    任传友, 邮箱: rency@syau.edu.cn

Effects of Water Stress/Rewatering on Leaf Photosynthetic Characteristics and Grain Yield of Foxtail Millet

  • 摘要: 以谷子品种大金苗为研究对象,采用遮雨棚控水的大田试验方法,比较孕穗开花期和灌浆期水分胁迫/复水对叶片光合特性及产量影响,分析光合速率的限制因素,阐述光合速率、水分利用效率与产量的协同关系。结果表明:水分胁迫会导致谷子光合速率和产量下降,水分利用效率提高,随胁迫增强和持续时间延长,光合速率和产量下降幅度增大;水分胁迫后复水后,光合性能有所恢复,光合作用可产生补偿效应,水分胁迫越强和持续时间越长,补偿效应越低;轻度和持续时间短的水分胁迫,光合速率降低主要由气孔因素决定,随胁迫增强和持续时间延长,非气孔限制逐渐成为光合速率下降的主要原因;与孕穗开花期相比较,灌浆期水分胁迫对光合速率的影响更大且复水后光合性能恢复能力更低,光合速率与产量的协同关系更明显,产量对灌浆期水分胁迫更敏感。
  • 图  1  各水分胁迫/复水处理的产量

    (短线表示±1倍标准差)

    Fig. 1  Effect of water stress/rewatering on foxtail millet yield

    (short line denotes ±1 time standard deviation)

    图  2  孕穗开花期光合速率对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 2  Responses of photosynthetic rate to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    图  3  孕穗开花期水分利用效率对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 3  Responses of water use efficiency to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    图  4  孕穗开花期叶片气孔导度对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 4  Responses of leaf stomatal conductance to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    图  5  孕穗开花期叶片气孔限制值和胞内CO2浓度对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 5  Responses of stomata limitation and intercellular CO2 concentration to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    图  6  灌浆期叶片光合速率对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 6  Responses of leaf photosynthetic rate to photosynthesis photon flux density at grain filling stage

    图  7  灌浆期水分利用效率对光量子通量密度的响应

    Fig. 7  Responses of water use efficiency to photosynthesis photon flux density at grain filling stage

    图  8  灌浆期叶片光合速率与蒸腾速率的关系

    Fig. 8  Relationships between leaf photosynthetic and transpiration rate at grain filling stage

  • [1] Woli P, Jones J W, Ingram K T, et al. Agricultural reference index for drought(ARID). Agronomy Journal, 2012, 104(2): 287-300. doi:  10.2134/agronj2011.0286
    [2] Lobell D B, Roberts M J, Schlenker W, et al. Greater sensitivity to drought accompanies maize yield increase in the US Midwest. Science, 2014, 344: 516-519. doi:  10.1126/science.1251423
    [3] 李燕, 王志伟, 霍治国, 等. 干旱对夏玉米根冠及产量影响试验. 应用气象学报, 2020, 31(1): 83-94. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20200108

    Li Y, Wang Z W, Huo Z G, et al. Experiments of water stress on root/shoot growth and yield of summer maize. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2020, 31(1): 83-94. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20200108
    [4] 蔡福, 米娜, 明惠青, 等. WOFOST模型蒸散过程改进对玉米干旱模拟影响. 应用气象学报, 2021, 32(1): 52-64. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210105

    Cai F, Mi N, Ming H Q, et al. Effects of improving evapotranspiration parameterization scheme on WOFOST model performance in simulating maize drought stress process. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2021, 32(1): 52-64. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210105
    [5] 张雪峰. 中国谷子产业问题研究. 哈尔滨: 东北农业大学, 2013.

    Zhang X F. Studies on the Issues of Millet Industry Development in China. Harbin: Northeast Agricultural University, 2013.
    [6] 李顺国, 刘斐, 刘猛, 等. 中国谷子产业和种业发展现状与未来展望. 中国农业科学, 2021, 54(3): 459-470.

    Li S G, Liu F, Liu M, et al. Current status and future prospective of foxtail millet production and seed industry in China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(3): 459-470.
    [7] 郭建平. 气候变化对中国农业生产的影响研究进展. 应用气象学报, 2015, 26(1): 1-11. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150101

    Guo J P. Advances in impacts of climate change on agricultural production in China. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2015, 26(1): 1-11. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150101
    [8] 宋艳玲, 蔡雯悦, 柳艳菊, 等. 我国西南地区干旱变化及对贵州水稻产量影响. 应用气象学报, 2014, 25(5): 550-558. http://qikan.camscma.cn/article/id/20140504

    Song Y L, Cai W Y, Liu Y J, et al. Drought changes in southwest China and its impacts on rice yield on Guizhou Province. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2014, 25(5): 550-558. http://qikan.camscma.cn/article/id/20140504
    [9] 邹旭恺, 张强. 近半个世纪我国干旱变化的初步研究. 应用气象学报, 2008, 19(6): 679-687. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2008.06.007

    Zou X K, Zhang Q. Preliminary studies on variations in droughts over China during past 50 years. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2008, 19(6): 679-687. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2008.06.007
    [10] 刘吉利, 赵长星, 吴娜, 等. 苗期干旱及复水对花生光合特性及水分利用效率的影响. 中国农业科学, 2011, 44(3): 469-476. doi:  10.3864/j.ssn.0578-1752.2011.03.005

    Liu J H, Zhao C X, Wu N, et al. Effects of drought and rewatering at seedling stage on photosynthetic characteristics and water use efficiency of peanut. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2011, 44(3): 469-476. doi:  10.3864/j.ssn.0578-1752.2011.03.005
    [11] 吴玮, 景元书, 马玉平, 等. 干旱环境下夏玉米各生育时期光响应特征. 应用气象学报, 2013, 24(6): 723-730. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2013.06.009

    Wu W, Jing Y S, Ma Y P, et al. Light response characteristics of summer maize at different growth stages under drought. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2013, 24(6): 723-730. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2013.06.009
    [12] 冯建设, 王建源, 王新堂, 等. 相对湿润度指数在农业干旱监测业务中的应用. 应用气象学报, 2011, 22(6): 766-772. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2011.06.016

    Feng J S, Wang J X, Wang X T, et al. The application of relative humidity index to agricultural drought monitoring. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2011, 22(6): 766-772. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2011.06.016
    [13] 张喜英, 由懋正, 王新元. 不同时期水分调亏及调亏程度对冬小麦产量的影响. 华北农学报, 1999, 14(2): 79-83. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.1999.02.016

    Zhang X Y, You M Z, Wang X Y. Effects of water deficits on winter wheat yield during its different development stage. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 1999, 14(2): 79-83. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.1999.02.016
    [14] 於俐, 于强, 罗毅, 等. 水分胁迫对冬小麦物质分配及产量构成的影响. 地理科学进展, 2004, 23(1): 105-112. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-6301.2004.01.012

    Yu L, Yu Q, Luo Y, et al. Effect of water stress on dry-matter partition and yield constitution of winter wheat. Progress in Geography, 2004, 23(1): 105-112. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-6301.2004.01.012
    [15] 成林, 方文松. 气候变化对雨养冬小麦水分利用效率的影响估算. 应用气象学报, 2015, 26(3): 300-310. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150305

    Cheng L, Fang W S. Estimation of climate change effects on water use efficiency of rain-fed winter wheat. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2015, 26(3): 300-310. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150305
    [16] Geerts S, Raes D. Deficit irrigation as an on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas. Agricultural Water Management, 2009, 96: 1275-1284. doi:  10.1016/j.agwat.2009.04.009
    [17] Du T, Kang S, Zhang J, et al. Deficit irrigation and sustainable water-resource strategies in agriculture for China's food security. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2015, 66: 2253-2269. doi:  10.1093/jxb/erv034
    [18] Silveira L K, Pavão G C, dos Santos Dias C T, et al. Deficit irrigation effect on fruit yield, quality and water use efficiency: A long-term study on Pêra-IAC sweet orange. Agricultural Water Management, 2020, 231: 106019. doi:  10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106019
    [19] Xu Z, Zhou G, Shimizu H. Are plant growth and photosynthesis limited by pre-drought following rewatering in grass?Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009, 60: 3737-3749. doi:  10.1093/jxb/erp216
    [20] Hofer D, Suter M, Buchmann N, et al. Nitrogen status of functionally different forage species explains resistance to severe drought and post-drought overcompensation. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2017, 236: 312-322. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880916305813
    [21] Harrison S P, LaForgia M L, Latimer A M. Climate-driven diversity change in annual grasslands: Drought plus deluge does not equal normal. Global Change Biology, 2018, 24: 1782-1792. doi:  10.1111/gcb.14018
    [22] Gupta A, Rico-Medina A, Cao-Delgado A I. The physiology of plant responses to drought. Science, 2020, 368: 266-269. doi:  10.1126/science.aaz7614
    [23] 江梦圆, 薛晓萍, 杨再强, 等. 开花期复水对受旱冬小麦叶片状态和产量结构的补偿效应. 中国农业气象, 2020, 41(4): 253-262. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2020.04.007

    Jiang M Y, Xue X P, Yang Z Q, et al. Compensation effects of rewatering at flowering stage on leaf state and yield structure of winter wheat under drought. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2020, 41(4): 253-262. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2020.04.007
    [24] 李彦彬, 边泽鹏, 李道西, 等. 花前干旱复水对冬小麦光合特性、产量和水分利用效率的影响. 中国农村水利水电, 2020(6): 130-138. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-2284.2020.06.023

    Li Y B, Bian Z P, Li D X, et al. Effects of anthesis drought and rehydration on photosynthetic characteristics, yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat. China Rural Water and Hydropower, 2020(6): 130-138. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-2284.2020.06.023
    [25] 李彦彬, 朱亚南, 李道西, 等. 阶段干旱及复水对小麦生长发育、光合和产量的影响. 灌溉排水学报, 2018, 37(8): 76-82.

    Li Y B, Zhu Y N, Li D X, et al. Effects of alternating drought and watering on growth, photosynthesis and yield of wither wheat. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2018, 37(8): 76-82.
    [26] 王永丽, 王珏, 杜金哲, 等. 不同时期干旱胁迫对谷子农艺性状的影响. 华北农学报, 2012, 27(6): 125-129. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-7091.2012.06.025

    Wang Y L, Wang J, Du J Z, et al. Effects of drought stress at different periods on agronomic traits of millet. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 2012, 27(6): 125-129. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-7091.2012.06.025
    [27] 许大全. 光合作用气孔限制分析中的一些问题. 植物生理学通讯, 1997, 33(4): 241-244.

    Xu D Q. Some problems in stomatal limitation analysis of photosynthesis. Plant Physiology Communications, 1997, 33(4): 241-244.
    [28] 马熙达, 任传友, 王艳华, 等. 孕穗开花期持续低温对不同熟期水稻气孔导度的影响. 中国农业气象, 2016, 37(6): 682-690.

    Ma X D, Ren C Y, Wang Y H, et al. Effects of consecutive low temperature on stomatal conductance of rice with different maturity periods at booting and blooming stages in Shenyang region. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2016, 37(6): 682-690.
    [29] 郑江平, 王春乙. 低温、干旱并发对玉米苗期生理过程的影响. 应用气象学报, 2006, 17(1): 119-123. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2006.01.017

    Zheng J P, Wang C Y. Impact of chilling temperature and drought on corn physiological process in seeding stage. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2006, 17(1): 119-123. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2006.01.017
    [30] 赵宝平, 任鹏, 徐忠山, 等. 水分胁迫对不同抗旱性燕麦品种光合及产量形成的影响. 麦类作物学报, 2020, 40(11): 1399-1407. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1009-1041.2020.11.15

    Zhao B P, Ren P, Xu Z S, et al. Effects of water stress on photosynthetic characteristics and yield formation in oats (Avena sativa L. ) with different drought resistance. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 2020, 40(11): 1399-1407. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1009-1041.2020.11.15
    [31] Luo Y Y, Zhao X Y, Qu H, et al. Photosynthetic performance and growth traits in Pennisetum centrasiaticum exposed to drought and rewatering under different soil nutrient regimes. Acta Physiol Plant, 2014, 36: 381-388. doi:  10.1007/s11738-013-1419-2
    [32] 李思, 张莉, 姚雅琴. 干旱对冬小麦叶片气孔、活性氧和光合作用的影响. 河北大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 35(5): 487-493. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-1565.2015.05.008

    Li S, Zhang L, Yao Y Q. Effects of different water stress on active oxygen, stoma and photosynthesis characteristics of wheat. Journal of Hebei University(Natural Science), 2015, 35(5): 487-493. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-1565.2015.05.008
    [33] 郭贤仕. 谷子旱后补偿效应研究. 应用生态学报, 1999, 10(5): 563-566. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.1999.05.014

    Guo X S. Compensation effect of millet after drought. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 1999, 10(5): 563-566. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.1999.05.014
    [34] 吴乃元, 梁丰香, 张衍华, 等. 有限水分胁迫对小麦生长状况的影响及合理灌溉的土壤相对湿度指标. 应用气象学报, 2000, 11(增刊Ⅰ): 170-177.

    Wu N Y, Liang F X, Zhang Y H, et al. Effects of limited water stress on wheat growth and the relative soil moisture index of rational irrigation. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2000, 11(Suppl Ⅰ): 170-177.
    [35] Saint P C, Crossa J L, Bonnet T D, et al. Phenotyping transgenic wheat for drought resistance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2012, 63(5): 1799-1808. doi:  10.1093/jxb/err385
    [36] Kottmann L, Wilde P, Schittenhelm S. How do timing, duration, and intensity of drought stress affect the agronomic performance of winter rye?. European Journal of Agronomy, 2016, 75: 25-32. doi:  10.1016/j.eja.2015.12.010
    [37] 李霞, 戴传超, 程睿, 等. 不同生育期水稻耐冷性的鉴定及耐冷性差异的生理机制. 作物学报, 2006, 32(1): 76-83.

    Li X, Dai C C, Cheng R, et al. Identification for cold tolerance at different growth stages in rice(Oryza sativa L. ) and physiological mechanism of differential cold tolerance. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2006, 32(1): 76-83.
    [38] 徐俊增, 彭世彰, 魏征, 等. 节水灌溉水稻叶片胞CO2浓度及气孔与非气孔限制. 农业工程学报, 2010, 26(7): 76-80. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2010.07.013

    Xu J Z, Peng S Z, Wei Z, et al. Intercellular CO2 concentration and stomatal or non-stomatal limitation of rice under water saving irrigation. Transactions of the CSAE, 2010, 26(7): 76-80. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2010.07.013
    [39] 江天然, 张立新, 毕玉蓉, 等. 水分胁迫对梭梭叶片气体交换特征的影响. 兰州大学学报(自然科学版), 2001, 37(6): 57-62. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0455-2059.2001.06.013

    Jiang T R, Zhang L X, Bi Y R, et al. Effects of water stress on gas exchange characteristics of Haloxylon Ammodendron leafs. Journal of Lanzhou University(Natural Sciences), 2001, 37(6): 57-62. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0455-2059.2001.06.013
    [40] 袁蕊, 郝兴宇, 胡晓雪, 等. 干旱对谷子灌浆期光合生理及生长发育的影响. 山西农业大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 37(6): 396-401. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-8151.2017.06.005

    Yuan R, Hao X Y, Hu X X, et al. Effects of drought to photosynthetic physiology and growth of millet during grain filling. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University(Natural Science), 2017, 37(6): 396-401. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-8151.2017.06.005
    [41] 赵丽英, 邓西平, 山仑. 水分亏缺下作物补偿效应类型及机制研究概述. 应用生态学报, 2004, 15(3): 523-526. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2004.03.033

    Zhao L Y, Deng X P, Shan L. A review on types and mechanisms of compensation effect of crops under water deficit. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004, 15(3): 523-526. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2004.03.033
    [42] 李红英, 程鸿燕, 郭昱, 等. 谷子抗旱机制研究进展. 山西农业大学学报(自然科学版), 2018, 38(1): 6-10.

    Li H Y, Cheng H Y, Guo Y, et al. Progress in the mechanisms of drought tolerance in foxtail millet. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University(Natural Science), 2018, 38(1): 6-10.
  • 加载中
图(8)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  91
  • HTML全文浏览量:  44
  • PDF下载量:  18
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-20
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-28
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回