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黄淮海地区春花生旱涝灾害危险性评价

魏思成 李凯伟 张继权 杨月婷 刘聪 王春乙

魏思成, 李凯伟, 张继权, 等. 黄淮海地区春花生旱涝灾害危险性评价. 应用气象学报, 2021, 32(5): 629-640. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210510..
引用本文: 魏思成, 李凯伟, 张继权, 等. 黄淮海地区春花生旱涝灾害危险性评价. 应用气象学报, 2021, 32(5): 629-640. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210510.
Wei Sicheng, Li Kaiwei, Zhang Jiquan, et al. Hazard assessment of peanut drought and flood disasters in Huang-Huai-Hai Region. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(5): 629-640. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210510.
Citation: Wei Sicheng, Li Kaiwei, Zhang Jiquan, et al. Hazard assessment of peanut drought and flood disasters in Huang-Huai-Hai Region. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(5): 629-640. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210510.

黄淮海地区春花生旱涝灾害危险性评价

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20210510
资助项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2019YFD1002201

国家自然科学基金项目 41877520

吉林省科技攻关项目 20190303018SF

长春市重大科技攻关项目 19SS007

详细信息
    通信作者:

    张继权, 邮箱: zhangjq022@nenu.edu.cn

Hazard Assessment of Peanut Drought and Flood Disasters in Huang-Huai-Hai Region

  • 摘要: 利用1960—2019年黄淮海地区186个气象站逐日气象数据,结合春花生发育期数据,采用标准化降水作物需水指数将旱涝灾害分为7个等级,分析春花生旱涝灾害的时空分布特征;并以旱涝灾害发生的强度和频率构建春花生旱涝灾害危险性指数,开展黄淮海地区春花生旱涝灾害危险性评价。结果表明:黄河流域西北部和中部、淮河流域东北部以及海河流域北部是干旱灾害高发区;涝害高发区主要集中在黄河流域的大部分地区、淮河流域北部和南部地区以及海河流域东部,以中度涝害为主。春花生干旱灾害高危险性地区零散分布,主要集中在黄河流域西北部;而涝害中、高危险性地区多分布于黄河流域。
  • 图  1  研究区域内气象站点分布

    Fig. 1  Distribution of weather stations in target area

    图  2  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生不同发育阶段干旱发生频率

    Fig. 2  The frequency of drought disasters in different growth stages of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    图  3  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生生长季干旱发生频率

    Fig. 3  The frequency of drought disasters during growing season of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    图  4  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生不同发育阶段涝害发生频率

    Fig. 4  The frequency of waterlogging in different growth stages of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    图  5  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生生长季涝害发生频率

    Fig. 5  The frequency of waterlogging during growing season of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    图  6  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生不同发育阶段和生长季干旱危险性分布

    Fig. 6  Distribution of drought risk in different growth stages and growing season of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    图  7  1960—2019年黄淮海地区春花生不同发育阶段和生长季涝害危险性分布

    Fig. 7  Risk distribution of waterlogging in different growth stages and growing season of spring peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai Region from 1960 to 2019

    表  1  黄淮海地区春花生发育期划分

    Table  1  Division of spring peanut growing season in Huang-Huai-Hai Region

    发育期 时间
    出苗期 4月中旬—4月下旬
    幼苗期 5月上旬—5月下旬
    花针期 6月上旬—6月下旬
    结荚期 7月上旬—8月中旬
    饱果期 8月下旬—9月下旬
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  春花生作物系数

    Table  2  Spring peanut crop coefficient

    春花生 开始时间 结束时间 作物系数
    发育前期 04-15 05-31 0.50
    发育中期 06-01 06-30 1.15
    发育后期 07-01 09-30 0.60
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  基于标准化降水作物需水指数(ISPR)的旱涝等级划分

    Table  3  Drought and flood grade based on standardized precipitation requirement index(ISPR)

    灾害等级 ISPR取值范围
    重涝 1.5<ISPR≤2.0
    中涝 1.0<ISPR≤1.5
    轻涝 0.5<ISPR≤1.0
    无旱 -0.5<ISPR≤0.5
    轻旱 -1.0<ISPR≤-0.5
    中旱 -1.5<ISPR≤-1.0
    重旱 ISPR≤-1.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  春花生干旱灾损系数

    Table  4  The damage coefficients of drought disaster for spring peanut

    发育阶段 干旱等级
    轻旱 中旱 重旱
    发育前期 0.01 0.03 0.06
    发育中期 0.03 0.09 0.18
    发育后期 0.06 0.18 0.36
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  春花生涝害灾损系数

    Table  5  The damage coefficients of waterlogging for spring peanut

    发育阶段 涝害等级
    轻涝 中涝 重涝
    发育前期 0.02 0.06 0.12
    发育中期 0.03 0.09 0.18
    发育后期 0.05 0.15 0.30
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-10
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-30

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