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江汉平原不同稻作模式下温室气体排放特征

叶佩 宋春燕 刘凯文 刘志雄 谢青芸 胡严炎 朱波 王斌

叶佩, 宋春燕, 刘凯文, 等. 江汉平原不同稻作模式下温室气体排放特征. 应用气象学报, 2022, 33(6): 748-758. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220609..
引用本文: 叶佩, 宋春燕, 刘凯文, 等. 江汉平原不同稻作模式下温室气体排放特征. 应用气象学报, 2022, 33(6): 748-758. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220609.
Ye Pei, Song Chunyan, Liu Kaiwen, et al. Greenhouse gas emission characteristics of different rice cropping patterns in Jianghan Plain. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2022, 33(6): 748-758. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220609.
Citation: Ye Pei, Song Chunyan, Liu Kaiwen, et al. Greenhouse gas emission characteristics of different rice cropping patterns in Jianghan Plain. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2022, 33(6): 748-758. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220609.

江汉平原不同稻作模式下温室气体排放特征

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20220609
资助项目: 

湖北省气象局科技发展基金项目 2022Q19

荆州市气象局科技发展基金项目 JZ202106

国家自然科学基金项目 41905102

农业农村部农业清洁生产技术服务项目 13220124

详细信息
    通信作者:

    王斌, 邮箱:wangbin01@caas.cn

Greenhouse Gas Emission Characteristics of Different Rice Cropping Patterns in Jianghan Plain

  • 摘要: 采用静态箱-气相色谱法在江汉平原开展早稻、晚稻、中稻、虾稻和再生稻5种稻作类型温室气体排放监测试验,研究不同稻作模式下稻田CH4和N2O排放特征、总增温潜势及温室气体排放强度,为准确评估稻田生态系统温室气体排放提供参考依据。结果表明:CH4排放集中在水稻前期淹水阶段,排放峰值最高为虾稻(85.7 mg·m-2·h-1),较其他稻作模式高71.7%~191.5%。N2O排放峰值主要出现于中期晒田和施肥阶段,排放峰值最高为再生稻(1100.7 μg·m-2·h-1),较其他稻作模式高16.8%~654.9%。CH4累积排放量从大到小依次为虾稻、再生稻、早稻、晚稻、中稻;N2O累积排放量从大到小依次为再生稻、早稻、晚稻、中稻、虾稻;总增温潜势从大到小依次为虾稻、再生稻、早稻、晚稻、中稻;温室气体排放强度从大到小依次为虾稻、早稻、再生稻、晚稻、中稻。CH4排放占比为82.9%~99.0%,稻虾田高排放主要原因为持续淹水时间长、秸秆还田和饲料投入,探究该模式CH4减排举措最为关键;中稻由于水旱轮作,稻田温室气体排放最低,可作为低碳减排的主要稻作类型。
  • 图  1  2021年试验点水稻生育期降水量和气温日变化

    Fig. 1  Variation of daily precipitation and temperature at experimental sites during rice growth period in 2021

    图  2  2021年不同稻作模式下CH4排放通量动态变化

    (虚线箭头表示施肥,下同)

    Fig. 2  Dynamic variations of methane fluxes under different rice cropping patterns in 2021

    (dotted arrow denotes fertilization, the same hereinafter)

    图  3  2021年不同稻作模式N2O排放通量动态变化

    Fig. 3  Dynamic variations of nitrous oxide fluxes under different rice cropping patterns in 2021

    图  4  不同稻作模式CH4和N2O累积排放量

    (不同小写字母表示差异显著(P<0.05))

    Fig. 4  Cumulative methane and nitrous oxide emissions under different rice cropping patterns

    (different lowercase letters denote significant difference at 0.05 level)

    表  1  2021年不同稻作模式水稻移栽、晒田和收获时间

    Table  1  Date of rice transplanting, mid-season drainage and harvesting under different rice cropping patterns in 2021

    模式 品种 移栽 晒田 收获
    早稻 两优152 05-02 05-30—06-06 07-21
    晚稻 隆优4945 07-26 08-25—31 10-17
    中稻 黄华占 06-10 07-27—08-01 10-05
    虾稻 黄华占 06-14 10-08
    再生稻 天两优616 04-23 05-30—06-08 头季08-17,再生季10-25
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同稻作模式下综合温室效应、增温潜势和温室气体排放强度

    Table  2  Global warming potential and greenhouse gas emission intensity under different rice cropping patterns

    稻作类型 CH4排放占比/% N2O排放占比/% 增温潜势/(kg·hm-2) 水稻产量/(kg·hm-2) 温室气体排放强度/(kg·kg-1)
    早稻 87.4 12.6 5067.3 6441.4 0.79
    晚稻 91.9 8.1 3647.0 6925.3 0.53
    中稻 94.2 5.8 3053.8 9052.7 0.34
    虾稻 99.0 1.0 13657.7 9745.1 1.40
    再生稻 82.9 17.1 8857.0 15609.2 0.57
    下载: 导出CSV
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    Ding Z J, Xu Z, Tian Y B, et al. Reducing gas emissions from ratooning rice field using controlled nitrogen fertilization and alternate wetting-drying irrigation. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2021, 40(7): 51-58. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GGPS202107008.htm
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-02
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-17

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