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中国玉米高温热害研究进展

霍治国 张海燕 李春晖 孔瑞 江梦圆

霍治国, 张海燕, 李春晖, 等. 中国玉米高温热害研究进展. 应用气象学报, 2023, 34(1): 1-14. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20230101..
引用本文: 霍治国, 张海燕, 李春晖, 等. 中国玉米高温热害研究进展. 应用气象学报, 2023, 34(1): 1-14. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20230101.
Huo Zhiguo, Zhang Haiyan, Li Chunhui, et al. Review on high temperature heat damage of maize in China. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2023, 34(1): 1-14. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20230101.
Citation: Huo Zhiguo, Zhang Haiyan, Li Chunhui, et al. Review on high temperature heat damage of maize in China. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2023, 34(1): 1-14. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20230101.

中国玉米高温热害研究进展

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20230101
资助项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2017YFC1502801

中国气象科学研究院基本科研业务费专项 2020Z005

详细信息
    通信作者:

    霍治国,邮箱:huozg@cma.gov.cn

Review on High Temperature Heat Damage of Maize in China

  • 摘要: 在气候变化背景下,中国玉米生产遭受的高温危害日益加剧。基于已有研究成果和实际灾情,从高温热害的概念及分类出发,对玉米高温热害的危害机理、气象成因、致灾指标、时空分布、防御对策等方面进行系统归纳阐述,并对未来玉米高温热害研究方向进行展望。中国玉米高温热害分为延迟型、障碍型、生长不良型和混合型4类,高温降低玉米花粉活力抑制散粉,缩短灌浆时间,导致玉米产量及品质降低。中国玉米种植区高温热害天气主要由环流异常引起,致灾指标包括生理生化指标及气象学指标等,但目前尚无统一标准。近10年中国玉米高温热害发生强度及频次增大,春玉米高温热害在北方玉米区的松辽平原、西南玉米区的东北部风险较高,夏玉米高温热害在河北省东南部、河南省大部以及山东省西部频发。采取适当的防御对策能减轻高温热害对玉米的不利影响。未来的研究应在综合动态的玉米高温热害指标体系、高温热害灾损模拟及风险评估与区划、高温热害精细化监测预警服务系统等方面重点突破。
  • 表  1  玉米高温热害判别指标统计表

    Table  1  Statistical table of discrimination index of high temperature and heat damage of maize

    发育阶段 温度阈值(日最高气温) 研究区域 参考文献
    生育期 不小于30℃ 东北农作区 [70]
    生育期 不小于32℃ 中国玉米区 [53]
    生育期 不小于32℃ 黄淮海玉米区 [60]
    生育期 不小于35℃ 海河平原 [48]
    生育期 不小于30,32,35℃ 京津冀地区 [68]
    生育期 85%,90%分位值 海河平原 [71]
    生育期 95%分位值 中国玉米区 [72]
    花期 不小于32,35℃ 河南省 [63-64]
    花期 不小于34℃ 黄淮海玉米区 [65]
    花期 不小于32,34℃ 河北平原 [66]
    花期 不小于35℃ 淮北平原 [93]
    花期 不小于35℃ 华北平原 [61-62]
    花期 不小于35℃ 河南省 [92]
    拔节期前 不小于35.2℃ 山东省 [67]
    拔节期后 不小于34.5℃ 山东省 [67]
    吐丝-成熟 不小于35℃ 湖南省春玉米区 [79]
    播种-出苗 不小于31℃ 中国北方地区 [69]
    出苗-抽雄 不小于33℃ 中国北方地区 [69]
    抽雄-吐丝 不小于35℃ 中国北方地区 [69]
    吐丝-成熟 不小于33℃ 中国北方地区 [69]
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-13
  • 修回日期:  2022-11-23
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-31

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