Xiong Anyuan, Zhao Fang, Wang Ying, et al. Design and implementation of China integrated meteorological information sharing system (CIMISS). J Appl Meteor Sci, 2015, 26(4): 500-512. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150412.
Citation: Xiong Anyuan, Zhao Fang, Wang Ying, et al. Design and implementation of China integrated meteorological information sharing system (CIMISS). J Appl Meteor Sci, 2015, 26(4): 500-512. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150412.

Design and Implementation of China Integrated Meteorological Information Sharing System (CIMISS)

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20150412
  • Received Date: 2015-02-02
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-05-07
  • Publish Date: 2015-07-31
  • Meteorological data play a fundamental role in processes of meteorological operations and services. In recent 20 years, China has rapidly developed traditional and newly observational systems, which produce a large volume of meteorological data and products. To meet requirements of data management and services, China Integrated Meteorological Information Sharing System (CIMISS) is developed by National Meteorological Information Center of China Meteorological Administration. The design principle, system structure and data flow, and core technologies of this system are introduced and illustrated in detail. CIMISS is composed of five sub-systems, which are China Telecommunication System (CTS), Data Processing Center (DPC), Service-Oriented Database (SOD), Global Data Sharing (GDS), Monitoring and Control Platform (MCP). CIMISS is designed for undertaking a series of operations of meteorological data collecting, processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination. Data cover all real-time and historical meteorological observations and products, including 14 classes that are surface, upper-air, solar radiation, oceanic meteorology, agro-meteorology, radar, satellite, proxy climate, atmospheric chemistry, numeric model analysis and forecast, scientific experiment, meteorological disaster, meteorological service product and the others. Data cover the geographic area from China to global, and the period from 1951 to now. Real-time data come from all kind of meteorological observation networks in China, and the Global Telecommunication System of World Meteorological Organization.A set of information technologies are introduced and developed to design and implement the system, including inner-system message switching based on message middleware and the parallel file system, classification and representation of meteorological data, the dynamic extension of data processing scheduling and algorithms, the design and application of 3 types of metadata, the management of common configuration information, monitoring and controlling for whole procedures of operational flow, service-oriented data storage strategy, the unified accessing view and application programming interface.CIMISS will manage all kinds of operational meteorological data used in national and provincial meteorological operations and services, and supply data application environment for operations of national service centers and 31 provincial service centers. Users can access the data by Web page and by application programming interface (API).
  • Fig. 1  Framework of operational functions of CIMISS

    Fig. 2  Framework of communication network of CIMISS

    Fig. 3  Data flow of CIMISS

    Fig. 4  Interchange and coordination of information between systems based on messages and files share

    Fig. 5  Framework of data standardization for CIMISS

    Fig. 6  Sketch map of task allocation and resource dispatch

    Fig. 7  The model of application programming interfaces in CIMISS

  • [1]
    熊安元, 王伯民, 王颖, 等. 气象资料分类与编码. 中华人民共和国气象行业标准QX/T102—2009. 北京: 气象出版社, 2009.
    沈文海, 赵芳, 高华云, 等.国家级气象资料存储检索系统的建立.应用气象学报, 2004, 15(6):727-736. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20040690&flag=1
    钱建梅, 郑旭东.国家卫星气象中心气象卫星资料存档系统.应用气象学报, 2003, 14(6):756-762. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20030695&flag=1
    钱建梅, 孙安来, 徐喆, 等.风云气象卫星数据存档与服务系统.应用气象学报, 2012, 23(3):369-376. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20120314&flag=1
    Wang Fudi.WMO Information System:Beijing Global Information System Center.Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 2013, 94:991-994, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00068.1.
    李集明, 熊安元.气象科学数据共享系统研究综述.应用气象学报, 2004, 15(增刊Ⅰ):3-11. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYQX2004S1001.htm
    李集明.基于Internet面向社会公益性共享的气象科学数据存储检索策略研究.气象科技, 2007, 35(4):589-592. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXKJ200704030.htm
    高复先.信息资源规划——信息化建设基础工程.北京:清华大学出版社, 2002.
    贾树泽, 杨军, 施进明, 等.新一代气象卫星资料处理系统并行调度算法研究与应用.气象科技, 2010, 38(1):96-101. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXKJ201001019.htm
    曾艳.基于MPI的主从式并行任务分配的研究与实现.计算机应用与软件, 2010, 27(6):139-141. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JYRJ201006046.htm
    伍湘君, 陈德辉, 宋君强, 等.GRAPES全球格点模式的并行计算负载平衡策略.气象学报, 2010, 68(5):591-597. doi:  10.11676/qxxb2010.058
    祝婷, 李湘.WMO信息系统中气象元数据的设计与实现.应用气象学报, 2012, 23(2):238-244. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20120213
    魏亮, 刘士彬, 王杰生.基于元数据目录服务的地理空间数据共享.遥感技术与应用, 2005, 20(6):616-619. doi:  10.11873/j.issn.1004-0323.2005.6.616
    王国复, 徐枫, 吴增祥.气象元数据标准与信息发布技术研究.应用气象学报, 2005, 16(1):114-121. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20050115
    李集明, 沈文海, 王国复.气象信息共享平台及其关键技术研究.应用气象学报, 2006, 17(5):621-628. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20060505
    李月安, 曹莉, 高嵩, 等.MICAPS预报业务平台现状与发展.气象, 2010, 36(7):50-55. doi:  10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2010.07.010
    吴焕萍, 张永强, 孙家民, 等.气候信息交互显示与分析平台 (CIPAS) 设计与实现.应用气象学报, 2013, 24(5):631-640. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20130513
  • 加载中
  • -->



    Article views (6375) PDF downloads(1337) Cited by()
    Proportional Views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint