Ren Chuanyou, Jiang Zhuoqun, Su Xiaoxuan, et al. Effects of water stress/rewatering on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and grain yield of foxtail millet. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407.
Citation: Ren Chuanyou, Jiang Zhuoqun, Su Xiaoxuan, et al. Effects of water stress/rewatering on leaf photosynthetic characteristics and grain yield of foxtail millet. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2021, 32(4): 456-467. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210407.

Effects of Water Stress/Rewatering on Leaf Photosynthetic Characteristics and Grain Yield of Foxtail Millet

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20210407
  • Received Date: 2021-03-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-05-28
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-31
  • Foxtail millet behaves strong drought resistance, but its photosynthesis process and grain yield are restricted by drought. The effects of water stress/rewatering on photosynthetic characteristics and yield of foxtail millet are studied through field water control experiment at booting and flowering stage and grain filling stage. The restraint factor on photosynthesis rate and the follow-up impact on grain yield are expounded, which may provide guidance for foxtail millet grain yield assessment and field water management under drought condition. The results are as follows: Water stress can lead to the decrease of photosynthetic rate and grain yield of characterized by larger decrease amplitude with the increase of stress intensity and duration, and increasing water use efficiency is the main survival strategy. The effect of water stress/rewatering on foxtail millet yield at grain filling stage is more obvious than that at booting and flowering stage, characterized by 22.1% production loss under 14-day mild water stress and 47.1% for FH-21 treatment group. After rewatering, photosynthesis performs compensation effect, and the photosynthetic capacity is recovered to some extent. The recovery of photosynthesis ability is lower when the the water stress intensity is stronger and the water stress duration is longer, and the recovery of photosynthetic capacity at grain filling stage is weaker than that at booting and flowering stage. Under mild and short duration water stress, the decrease of photosynthetic rate is mainly determined by stomatal factors, and the non-stomatal restriction gradually becomes the main cause for the decrease of photosynthetic rate with the increase of water stress intensity and the extension of duration. Mild negative effects of water stress on grain yield for 7 and 14 days, and severe effects for 7 days can be partially offset by the compensating effect after rewatering to some extent at booting and flowering stage, so the final effect on grain yield is not significant. In comparison, the effect of water stress on photosynthetic rate is larger, and the recovery of photosynthetic is not as good after rewatering at the grain filling stage. The formation of grain yield is more sensitive to water stress at the grain filling stage, for the closer synergistic relationship between photosynthetic rate and ultimate grain yield. The results reveal that a mild or short-term water deficit can be made up by rewatering, when the water use efficiency and photosynthesis rate will rise, and stable foxtail millet grain yield can be obtained. This can improve sustainable development by allowing deficit irrigation and water-saving agricultural practices. These critical information for optimizing water management practices is beneficial for foxtail millet sustainable development, particularly under warmer and drier climate in the future in the northern China.
  • Fig. 1  Effect of water stress/rewatering on foxtail millet yield

    (short line denotes ±1 time standard deviation)

    Fig. 2  Responses of photosynthetic rate to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    Fig. 3  Responses of water use efficiency to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    Fig. 4  Responses of leaf stomatal conductance to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    Fig. 5  Responses of stomata limitation and intercellular CO2 concentration to photosynthesis photon flux density at booting and flowering stage

    Fig. 6  Responses of leaf photosynthetic rate to photosynthesis photon flux density at grain filling stage

    Fig. 7  Responses of water use efficiency to photosynthesis photon flux density at grain filling stage

    Fig. 8  Relationships between leaf photosynthetic and transpiration rate at grain filling stage

  • [1]
    Woli P, Jones J W, Ingram K T, et al. Agricultural reference index for drought(ARID). Agronomy Journal, 2012, 104(2): 287-300. doi:  10.2134/agronj2011.0286
    [2]
    Lobell D B, Roberts M J, Schlenker W, et al. Greater sensitivity to drought accompanies maize yield increase in the US Midwest. Science, 2014, 344: 516-519. doi:  10.1126/science.1251423
    [3]
    Li Y, Wang Z W, Huo Z G, et al. Experiments of water stress on root/shoot growth and yield of summer maize. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2020, 31(1): 83-94. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20200108
    [4]
    Cai F, Mi N, Ming H Q, et al. Effects of improving evapotranspiration parameterization scheme on WOFOST model performance in simulating maize drought stress process. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2021, 32(1): 52-64. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20210105
    [5]
    Zhang X F. Studies on the Issues of Millet Industry Development in China. Harbin: Northeast Agricultural University, 2013.
    [6]
    Li S G, Liu F, Liu M, et al. Current status and future prospective of foxtail millet production and seed industry in China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(3): 459-470.
    [7]
    Guo J P. Advances in impacts of climate change on agricultural production in China. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2015, 26(1): 1-11. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150101
    [8]
    Song Y L, Cai W Y, Liu Y J, et al. Drought changes in southwest China and its impacts on rice yield on Guizhou Province. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2014, 25(5): 550-558. http://qikan.camscma.cn/article/id/20140504
    [9]
    Zou X K, Zhang Q. Preliminary studies on variations in droughts over China during past 50 years. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2008, 19(6): 679-687. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2008.06.007
    [10]
    Liu J H, Zhao C X, Wu N, et al. Effects of drought and rewatering at seedling stage on photosynthetic characteristics and water use efficiency of peanut. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2011, 44(3): 469-476. doi:  10.3864/j.ssn.0578-1752.2011.03.005
    [11]
    Wu W, Jing Y S, Ma Y P, et al. Light response characteristics of summer maize at different growth stages under drought. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2013, 24(6): 723-730. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2013.06.009
    [12]
    Feng J S, Wang J X, Wang X T, et al. The application of relative humidity index to agricultural drought monitoring. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2011, 22(6): 766-772. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2011.06.016
    [13]
    Zhang X Y, You M Z, Wang X Y. Effects of water deficits on winter wheat yield during its different development stage. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 1999, 14(2): 79-83. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.1999.02.016
    [14]
    Yu L, Yu Q, Luo Y, et al. Effect of water stress on dry-matter partition and yield constitution of winter wheat. Progress in Geography, 2004, 23(1): 105-112. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-6301.2004.01.012
    [15]
    Cheng L, Fang W S. Estimation of climate change effects on water use efficiency of rain-fed winter wheat. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2015, 26(3): 300-310. doi:  10.11898/1001-7313.20150305
    [16]
    Geerts S, Raes D. Deficit irrigation as an on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas. Agricultural Water Management, 2009, 96: 1275-1284. doi:  10.1016/j.agwat.2009.04.009
    [17]
    Du T, Kang S, Zhang J, et al. Deficit irrigation and sustainable water-resource strategies in agriculture for China's food security. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2015, 66: 2253-2269. doi:  10.1093/jxb/erv034
    [18]
    Silveira L K, Pavão G C, dos Santos Dias C T, et al. Deficit irrigation effect on fruit yield, quality and water use efficiency: A long-term study on Pêra-IAC sweet orange. Agricultural Water Management, 2020, 231: 106019. doi:  10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106019
    [19]
    Xu Z, Zhou G, Shimizu H. Are plant growth and photosynthesis limited by pre-drought following rewatering in grass?Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009, 60: 3737-3749. doi:  10.1093/jxb/erp216
    [20]
    Hofer D, Suter M, Buchmann N, et al. Nitrogen status of functionally different forage species explains resistance to severe drought and post-drought overcompensation. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2017, 236: 312-322. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880916305813
    [21]
    Harrison S P, LaForgia M L, Latimer A M. Climate-driven diversity change in annual grasslands: Drought plus deluge does not equal normal. Global Change Biology, 2018, 24: 1782-1792. doi:  10.1111/gcb.14018
    [22]
    Gupta A, Rico-Medina A, Cao-Delgado A I. The physiology of plant responses to drought. Science, 2020, 368: 266-269. doi:  10.1126/science.aaz7614
    [23]
    Jiang M Y, Xue X P, Yang Z Q, et al. Compensation effects of rewatering at flowering stage on leaf state and yield structure of winter wheat under drought. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2020, 41(4): 253-262. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2020.04.007
    [24]
    Li Y B, Bian Z P, Li D X, et al. Effects of anthesis drought and rehydration on photosynthetic characteristics, yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat. China Rural Water and Hydropower, 2020(6): 130-138. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-2284.2020.06.023
    [25]
    Li Y B, Zhu Y N, Li D X, et al. Effects of alternating drought and watering on growth, photosynthesis and yield of wither wheat. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2018, 37(8): 76-82.
    [26]
    Wang Y L, Wang J, Du J Z, et al. Effects of drought stress at different periods on agronomic traits of millet. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 2012, 27(6): 125-129. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-7091.2012.06.025
    [27]
    Xu D Q. Some problems in stomatal limitation analysis of photosynthesis. Plant Physiology Communications, 1997, 33(4): 241-244.
    [28]
    Ma X D, Ren C Y, Wang Y H, et al. Effects of consecutive low temperature on stomatal conductance of rice with different maturity periods at booting and blooming stages in Shenyang region. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2016, 37(6): 682-690.
    [29]
    Zheng J P, Wang C Y. Impact of chilling temperature and drought on corn physiological process in seeding stage. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2006, 17(1): 119-123. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2006.01.017
    [30]
    Zhao B P, Ren P, Xu Z S, et al. Effects of water stress on photosynthetic characteristics and yield formation in oats (Avena sativa L. ) with different drought resistance. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 2020, 40(11): 1399-1407. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1009-1041.2020.11.15
    [31]
    Luo Y Y, Zhao X Y, Qu H, et al. Photosynthetic performance and growth traits in Pennisetum centrasiaticum exposed to drought and rewatering under different soil nutrient regimes. Acta Physiol Plant, 2014, 36: 381-388. doi:  10.1007/s11738-013-1419-2
    [32]
    Li S, Zhang L, Yao Y Q. Effects of different water stress on active oxygen, stoma and photosynthesis characteristics of wheat. Journal of Hebei University(Natural Science), 2015, 35(5): 487-493. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-1565.2015.05.008
    [33]
    Guo X S. Compensation effect of millet after drought. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 1999, 10(5): 563-566. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.1999.05.014
    [34]
    Wu N Y, Liang F X, Zhang Y H, et al. Effects of limited water stress on wheat growth and the relative soil moisture index of rational irrigation. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2000, 11(Suppl Ⅰ): 170-177.
    [35]
    Saint P C, Crossa J L, Bonnet T D, et al. Phenotyping transgenic wheat for drought resistance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2012, 63(5): 1799-1808. doi:  10.1093/jxb/err385
    [36]
    Kottmann L, Wilde P, Schittenhelm S. How do timing, duration, and intensity of drought stress affect the agronomic performance of winter rye?. European Journal of Agronomy, 2016, 75: 25-32. doi:  10.1016/j.eja.2015.12.010
    [37]
    Li X, Dai C C, Cheng R, et al. Identification for cold tolerance at different growth stages in rice(Oryza sativa L. ) and physiological mechanism of differential cold tolerance. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2006, 32(1): 76-83.
    [38]
    Xu J Z, Peng S Z, Wei Z, et al. Intercellular CO2 concentration and stomatal or non-stomatal limitation of rice under water saving irrigation. Transactions of the CSAE, 2010, 26(7): 76-80. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2010.07.013
    [39]
    Jiang T R, Zhang L X, Bi Y R, et al. Effects of water stress on gas exchange characteristics of Haloxylon Ammodendron leafs. Journal of Lanzhou University(Natural Sciences), 2001, 37(6): 57-62. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0455-2059.2001.06.013
    [40]
    Yuan R, Hao X Y, Hu X X, et al. Effects of drought to photosynthetic physiology and growth of millet during grain filling. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University(Natural Science), 2017, 37(6): 396-401. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-8151.2017.06.005
    [41]
    Zhao L Y, Deng X P, Shan L. A review on types and mechanisms of compensation effect of crops under water deficit. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004, 15(3): 523-526. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2004.03.033
    [42]
    Li H Y, Cheng H Y, Guo Y, et al. Progress in the mechanisms of drought tolerance in foxtail millet. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University(Natural Science), 2018, 38(1): 6-10.
  • 加载中
  • -->

Catalog

    Figures(8)

    Article views (734) PDF downloads(55) Cited by()
    • Received : 2021-03-20
    • Accepted : 2021-05-28
    • Published : 2021-07-31

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint