Ju Yingqin, Chen Zhenghong, Ma Deli, et al. Climate similarity analysis on high-quality flue-cured tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2022, 33(6): 736-747. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220608.
Citation: Ju Yingqin, Chen Zhenghong, Ma Deli, et al. Climate similarity analysis on high-quality flue-cured tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2022, 33(6): 736-747. DOI:  10.11898/1001-7313.20220608.

Climate Similarity Analysis on High-quality Flue-cured Tobacco Planting Areas in North Central Subtropical Zone of China

DOI: 10.11898/1001-7313.20220608
  • Received Date: 2022-06-05
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-08-30
  • Available Online: 2022-11-21
  • Publish Date: 2022-11-17
  • The climate data of 180 meteorological stations from 1991 to 2020 are analyzed, representing different flue-cured tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China. The latest growth period division method and the latest tobacco varieties are considered, and the key growth period indicators of high-quality flue-cured tobacco are obtained through field investigation. According to the climatic conditions affecting the growth and development of high-quality tobacco leaves, the characteristics of the main climatic factors such as temperature, sunshine duration and precipitation in the field period and each development periods including root extension period, vigorous growing period and mature period are statistically analyzed. The weight of climate factors is calculated with principal component analysis method. Based on the principle of climate similarity, the similarity analysis is carried out by using the improved Euclidean distance between the two major tobacco planting areas of Hubei Province and the surrounding tobacco planting areas. The clustering results are obtained by hierarchical cluster method. The results show that the climate factors such as temperature, precipitation and sunshine duration meet the climate conditions for the growth of high-quality tobacco in the planting areas of southwest Hubei, northwest Hubei, western Henan, southern Henan, central Henan, western Hunan and central Hunan, compared with other tobacco planting areas. The difference of other climatic elements in different development periods is the largest in the root extension period, then in vigorous growing period, and is the smallest in the mature period except for precipitation. The climate elements in different development periods of tobacco planting areas are moderate in northwest and southwest Hubei, which is suitable for the growth and development of high-quality tobacco. Among the climatic factors affecting the growth and development of tobacco leaves, the temperature maximum in the prosperous period has the greatest impact on the growth and development of tobacco leaves. By comparing and analyzing the climate similarity of high-quality flue-cured tobacco areas in north central subtropical zone of China with two methods, the consistent conclusion is drawn. The climate elements of the tobacco planting areas are the closest in northwest Hubei and southern Shaanxi, and the climate elements of the tobacco planting areas are highly similar in southwest Hubei and western Hunan and southeast Sichuan. The results provide theoretical basis to optimize the layout of flue-cured tobacco planting and develop exclusive high-quality tobacco.
  • Fig. 1  National meteorological stations of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    Fig. 2  Climatic factors in different tobacco planting areas

    (a)average temperature, (b)relative humidity, (c)precipitation, (d)sunshine duration

    Fig. 3  The climatic similarity distance of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    (a)northwest Hubei, (b)southwest Hubei

    Fig. 4  Cluster analysis of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    Table  1  Stations of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    省份 地区 代表地市 国家级气象站点数量
    安徽 皖东南 宣城 5
    河南 豫南 南阳、驻马店 19
    豫中 许昌、漯河、平顶山 14
    豫西 洛阳、三门峡 12
    湖南 湘西 常德、怀化、湘西、张家界 25
    湘南 郴州、永州 21
    湘中 衡阳、邵阳 13
    陕西 陕南 安康、汉中、商洛 27
    四川 川西南 凉山州、攀枝花 18
    川东南 泸州、宜宾 10
    湖北 鄂西北(环神农架地区) 十堰、襄阳 6
    鄂西南 恩施、宜昌 10
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    Table  2  Field period and growth period of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    地区 大田期 伸根期 旺长期 成熟期
    皖东南 4月上旬—7月中旬 4月上旬—4月中到下旬 5月上旬—中旬 5月下旬—7月中旬
    豫南 5月上旬—8月下旬 5月上旬—6月上旬 6月中旬—7月中旬 7月下旬—8月下旬
    豫中 5月上旬—8月下旬 5月上旬—6月上旬 6月中旬—7月中旬 7月下旬—8月下旬
    豫西 5月中旬—9月中旬 5月中旬—6月中旬 6月中旬—8月上旬 8月中旬—9月中旬
    湘西 5月上旬—9月中旬 5月上旬—5月下旬 6月上旬—6月下旬 7月上旬—9月中旬
    湘南 3月下旬—7月中下旬 3月下旬—4月中旬 4月下旬—5月中旬 5月下旬—7月中下旬
    湘中 4月下旬—8月中旬 4月下旬—5月下旬 6月上旬—6月下旬 7月上旬—8月中旬
    陕南 5月上旬—9月中旬 5月上旬—6月上旬 6月中旬—7月上旬 7月中旬—9月中旬
    川西南 5月上旬—9月中旬 5月上旬—6月上旬 6月中旬—7月中旬 7月中下旬—9月中旬
    川东南 5月上旬—8月下旬 5月上旬—5月下旬 6月上旬—7月上旬 7月中旬—8月下旬
    鄂西北 5月上旬—9月中旬 5月上旬—6月下旬 6月上旬—6月下旬 7月上旬—9月中旬
    鄂西南 4月下旬—9月下旬 4月下旬—5月下旬 6月上旬—6月下旬 7月上旬—9月下旬
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    Table  3  Statistics of climatic factors in different tobacco planting areas during field period

    地区 平均气温/℃ 气温日较差/℃ 大田期大于等于10℃积温/(℃·d) 大田期大于等于20℃的持续日数/d 平均湿度/% 日照时数/h 日照百分率/%
    皖东南 21.9 9.7 2429.4 47 78 543.8 37
    豫南 25.2 9.6 3098.3 86 75 708.3 42
    豫中 25.2 10.2 3090.3 84 73 746.7 44
    豫西 24.1 10.5 3219.1 74 70 813.4 44
    湘西 25.5 8.5 3507.4 99 79 697.1 38
    湘南 23.2 7.9 2937.4 63 79 547.9 33
    湘中 25.6 8.1 2991.1 80 78 608.8 39
    陕南 22.4 10.5 3202.8 67 77 801.3 41
    川西南 22.9 9.0 3268.6 62 71 783.7 41
    川东南 25.3 8.7 3057.2 87 78 554.1 34
    鄂西北 24.3 10.3 3278.3 86 77 764.9 41
    鄂西南 24.3 9.5 3322.1 87 78 673.1 37
    DownLoad: Download CSV

    Table  4  Climatic similarity distance of tobacco planting areas in north central subtropical zone of China

    地区 鄂西北 鄂西南
    皖东南 1.5 1.5
    湘西 1.18 0.69
    湘南 1.61 1.21
    湘中 1.42 1.13
    陕南 0.67 1.01
    川西南 1.25 1.24
    川东南 1.15 0.7
    豫西 1.12 1.53
    豫南 0.78 1.1
    豫中 0.81 1.3
    鄂西北 0.76
    鄂西南 0.76
    DownLoad: Download CSV
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