Xu Xiangde, Chen Lianshou. Advances of the study on Tibetan Plateau experiment of atmospheric sciences. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2006, 17(6): 756-772.
Citation: Xu Xiangde, Chen Lianshou. Advances of the study on Tibetan Plateau experiment of atmospheric sciences. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2006, 17(6): 756-772.

Advances of the Study on Tibetan Plateau Experiment of Atmospheric Sciences

  • Received Date: 2006-11-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2006-11-24
  • Publish Date: 2006-12-31
  • A review of the research work on Tibetan Plateau for the recent 50 years is given. Especially, the important results for the first atmospheric science experiment on Tibetan Plateau in 1979 (QXPMEX) and the second one in 1998 (TIPEX) are suggested.It is found the long-frenquency oscillation which is inherent in Tibet Plateau tropospheric circulation and marked by out-ward propagation and the characteristics of Ekman spiral of PBL can be seen over Tibetan Plateau. The height of PBL is found to be as high as 2200 m over Tibetan Plateau, it is much higher than those in the plain areas. Dynamic and thermodynamic structures, as well as the characteristics of turbulence and convective clouds in the Plateau are discussed. A comprehensive physical pattern of convective structure of PBL is also given. It is found that under the condition of proper cloud cover, extremely high values of global solar radiation, effective radiation and surface net radiation are measured and the rain storm and flooding associated with the initial convective cloud system can be tracked to the Tibetan Plateau area. The regional impacts of heat source and heat sink associated with changes of the surface albedo over Tibetan Plateau are discussed. And the seasonal scale change of mid-long wave in the atmosphere is under the influence of the regional and seasonal change that is brought by the heat source and sink. The feedback of annual scale change of snow cover on the Tibetan Plateau is also emphasized in the research result, it shows that the planetary scale circulation on the Tibetan Plateau, the anomaly of SST and their interactions can be influenced by the snow cover. There are remarkable evolutions of the interactions of Tibetan Plateau and Asian monsoon. It is found that the availability of sensitive heat pump (SHAP) induces the abrupt air circulation from winter to summer and the South Asian High jump to the north, and maintains the period of the monsoon. It is found that Tibetan Plateau and its eastern areas "large triangle" are key areas for the transportation of water vapor flow. It is a very important rule to form the rain storm and the flooding in the Yangtze River during Meiyu period. The characteristics of matter transfer and ozone anomaly on Tibetan Plateau are found. There is a low value center of ozone on Tibetan Plateau in summer and the descending trend of ozone in Lhasa is notable than that of the east of China at the same latitude. Lhasa locates in the areas of ozone low value center.
  • [1]
    章基嘉, 朱抱真, 朱福康, 等.青藏高原气象学进展.北京:科学出版社, 1988: 31-33; 68; 69; 86-87; 168-193; 207-215.
    [2]
    徐祥德, 周明煜, 陈家宜, 等.青藏高原地-气过程动力、热力结构综合物理图象.中国科学 (D辑), 2001, 31 (5): 428-440. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK200105010.htm
    [3]
    叶笃正, 曾庆存, 郭裕福.当代气候研究.北京:气象出版社, 1991: 155-160.
    [4]
    叶笃正, 陈泮勤.中国的全球变化预研究 (第二部分 分报告).北京:地震出版社, 1992: 9-12; 53; 110-111.
    [5]
    Barnett T P, Dumenil L, Schlese U, et al, The effect of Eurasian snow cover on global climate. Science, 1988, 239: 504-507. doi:  10.1126/science.239.4839.504
    [6]
    刘晓东.论青藏高原隆起作用于大气的临界高度.高原气象, 1996, 15 (2): 131-140. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GYQX602.000.htm
    [7]
    陆龙骅, 周国贤, 张正秋. 1992年夏季珠穆朗玛峰地区太阳直接辐射和总辐射.太阳能学报, 1995, 16 (3): 229-233. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TYLX503.000.htm
    [8]
    孙国武, 陈葆德.青藏高原上空大气低频波的振荡及其经向传播.大气科学, 1988, 12 (3): 250-257. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK198803003.htm
    [9]
    周明煜, 徐祥德, 卞林根.青藏高原大气边界层观测分析与动力学研究.北京:气象出版社, 2000: 79-83, 93-98, 111-114.
    [10]
    叶笃正, 高由禧.青藏高原气象学.北京:科学出版社, 1979: 2-9; 74-79; 141-152; 202-210; 220-221; 223-225.
    [11]
    苗曼倩, 季劲钧. 不同地表面曳力系数的研究∥陶诗言, 陈联寿, 徐祥德, 等. 第二次青藏高原大气科学试验理论研究进展 (一). 北京: 气象出版社, 1999: 9-14.
    [12]
    赵平, 陈隆勋. 35年来青藏高原大气热源气候特征及其与中国降水关系.中国科学 (D辑), 2001, 31 (4): 327-332. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK200104008.htm
    [13]
    赵平.青藏高原热源状况及其与海气关系的研究.北京:中国气象科学研究院, 1999: 29-54.
    [14]
    赵平, 陈隆勋.青藏高原大气热量源汇在海-地-气相互作用准4年振荡中的作用.科学通报, 2000, 45 (15): 1666-1671. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB200015017.htm
    [15]
    Zhao Ping, Chen Longxun. Climate features of atmospheric heat source/sink over the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau in 35 years and its relation to rainfall in China. Science in China (Series D), 2001, 44 (9): 858-864. doi:  10.1007/BF02907098
    [16]
    郑庆林, 梁丰. 青藏高原对季节转换期全球大气环流影响的数值研究∥陶诗言, 陈联寿, 徐祥德, 等. 第二次青藏高原大气科学试验理论研究进展 (一). 北京: 气象出版社, 1999: 183-198.
    [17]
    Li Wei, Chen Longxun. Characteristics of the seasonal variation of the surface total heating over the Tibetan plateau and its surrounding area in summer 1998 and its relationship with the convection over the subtropical area of the Western Pacific. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 343-348. doi:  10.1007/BF02690792
    [18]
    Xu Xiangde, Zhou Mingyu, Chen Jiayi, et al. A comprehensive physical pattern of land-air dynamic and thermal structure on the Qinghai-Xizang plateau. Science in China (Series D), 2002, 45 (7): 577-594. doi:  10.1360/02yd9060
    [19]
    Bian Lingen, Xu Xiangde, Lu Longhua, et al. Analyses of Turbulence Parameters in the Near-Surface Layer at Qamdo of the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 369-378. doi:  10.1007/BF02690795
    [20]
    Gao Zhiqiu, Bian Lingen, Wang Jinxing, et al. Discussion on calculation methods of sensible heat flux during GAME/Tibet in 1998. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 357-368. doi:  10.1007/BF02690794
    [21]
    卓嘎, 徐样德, 陈联寿.青藏高原边界层高度特征对大气环流动力学效应的数值试验.应用气象学报, 2002, 13 (2): 163-169. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20020221&flag=1
    [22]
    Zhang Guangzhi, Xu Xiangde, Wang Jizhi. A Dynamic Study of Ekman Characteristics by Using 1998 SCSMEX and TIPEX Boundary Layer Data. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 349-356. doi:  10.1007/BF02690793
    [23]
    戴加洗.青藏高原气候.北京:气象出版社, 1990: 56-57; 60-61; 65-67; 230.
    [24]
    Flohn H. Contributions to a Meteorology of the Tibetan Highlands. Atmos Sci Paper, NO.130, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 1968: 1-120.
    [25]
    Zhu Guofu, Chen Shoujun. A numerical case study on a mesoscale convective system over the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 385-397. doi:  10.1007/BF02690797
    [26]
    王继志, 杨元琴.现代天气工程学.北京:气象出版社, 2000: 389-395.
    [27]
    Zhu Guofu, Chen Shoujun. Analysis and comparison of mesoscale convective systems over the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 311-322. doi:  10.1007/BF02690789
    [28]
    丁一汇.高等天气学.北京:气象出版社, 1991: 663-664.
    [29]
    Elmar R R, Ding Yihui. The role of the Qinghai-xizang Plateau in feedback mechanisms affecting the Planetary circulation. Scintia Atmospherica Sinica, 1981, 5 (1): 9-22. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19812608673
    [30]
    Wu Guoxiong. The nonlinear response of the atmosphere to largescale mechanical and thermal forcing. J Atmos Sci, 1984, 41 (16): 2456-2476. doi:  10.1175/1520-0469(1984)041<2456:TNROTA>2.0.CO;2
    [31]
    Chen Lianshou, Luo Zhexian. A preliminary study of the dynamics of eastward shifting cyclonic vortices. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 323-332. doi:  10.1007/BF02690790
    [32]
    孙国武, 陈葆德, 吴继成, 等.大尺度环境场对青藏高原低涡发展东移的动力作用.高原气象, 1987, 6 (2): 225-233. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GYQX198703003.htm
    [33]
    乔全明, 张雅高.青藏高原天气学.北京:气象出版社, 1994: 114-116;234-237.
    [34]
    徐晶, 陈联寿, 徐祥德. 青藏高原高空环流对西太平洋台风运动影响的数值试验∥陶诗言, 陈联寿, 徐祥德, 等. 第二次青藏高原大气科学试验理论研究进展 (一). 北京: 气象出版社, 1999: 340-348.
    [35]
    孙国武, 陈葆德.青藏高原大气低频振荡与低涡群发性的研究.大气科学, 1994, 18 (1): 113-121. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK199401013.htm
    [36]
    周兵, 何金海, 徐海明.青藏高原气象要素场低频特征及其与夏季区域降水的关系.南京气象学院学报, 2000, 23 (1): 93-100. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX200001014.htm
    [37]
    张丙午. 青藏高原的干绝热直减率现象∥青藏高原气象科学实验文集编写组. 青藏高原气象科学实验文集 (三). 北京: 科学出版社, 1987: 134-135.
    [38]
    刘式适, 柏晶瑜, 徐祥德, 等.青藏高原大地形的动力、热力作用与低频振荡.应用气象学报, 2000, 11 (3): 312-321. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20000347&flag=1
    [39]
    Tao Shiyan, Ding Yihui. Observational evidence of the influence of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau on the occurrence of heavy rain and severe convective storms in China. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 1981, 62 (1): 23-30. doi:  10.1175/1520-0477(1981)062<0023:OEOTIO>2.0.CO;2
    [40]
    陶诗言, 伊兰. 青藏高原在亚洲季风区水份循环中的作用∥陶诗言, 陈联寿, 徐祥德, 等. 第二次青藏高原大气科学试验理论研究进展 (一). 北京: 气象出版社, 1999: 204-215.
    [41]
    冯松, 汤懋苍, 王冬梅.青藏高原是我国气候变化启动区的新证据.科学通报, 1998, 43 (6): 633-636. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB199806017.htm
    [42]
    吴国雄, 李伟平. 青藏高原感热气泵和亚洲夏季风∥赵九章诞辰九十周年纪念文集. 北京: 科学出版社, 1997: 116-120.
    [43]
    吴国雄, 张永生.青藏高原的热力和机械强迫作用以及亚洲季风的爆发Ⅰ.爆发地点.大气科学, 1998, 22 (6): 825-838. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK806.002.htm
    [44]
    吴国雄, 张永生.青藏高原的热力和机械强迫作用以及亚洲季风的爆发Ⅱ.爆发时间.大气科学, 1999, 23 (1): 51-61. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK901.006.htm
    [45]
    张永生, 吴国雄.关于亚洲夏季风爆发及北半球季节突变的物理机理的诊断分析: Ⅱ青藏高原及邻近地区地表感热加热的作用.气象学报, 1999, 57 (1): 56-73. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB901.004.htm
    [46]
    汤懋苍. 青藏高原对西部环境演变的作用∥秦大河. 中国西部环境演变评估 (第一卷): 中国西部环境特征及其演变. 北京: 科学出版社, 2002: 145-170.
    [47]
    李炳元.青藏高原湖泊演化, 青藏高原晚新生代隆升与环境演化.广州:广东科技出版社. 1998: 33-347.
    [48]
    Tao Shiyan, Chen Longxun. The East Asia summer monsoon. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Monsoon in the Far East, Tokyo. 1985: 5-8.
    [49]
    黄荣辉, 张振洲, 黄刚, 等.夏季东亚季风区水汽输送特征及其与南亚季风区水汽输送的差别.大气科学, 1998, 22 (4): 460-469. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK804.007.htm
    [50]
    苗秋菊, 徐祥德, 施小英.青藏高原周边区域性异常多雨中心的水汽输送结构.气象, 2004, 30 (12): 44-47. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXX200412009.htm
    [51]
    苗秋菊, 徐祥德, 张胜军.长江流域梅雨带整层水汽收支与高原边界层关键区水汽输送分量"转换"特征.气象学报, 2005, 63 (1): 93-99. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB200501010.htm
    [52]
    徐祥德, 陈联寿, 王秀荣, 等.长江流域梅雨带水汽输送源—汇结构.科学通报, 2003, 48 (21): 2288-2294. http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGQX200400002255.htm
    [53]
    Xu Xiangde, Miao Qiuju, Wang Jizhi, et al. The water transport model at the regional boundary during the meiyu period. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (3): 333-342. doi:  10.1007/BF02690791
    [54]
    徐祥德, 陶诗言, 王继志, 等.青藏高原—季风水汽输送"大三角扇形"影响域特征与中国区域旱涝异常的关系.气象学报, 2002, 60 (3): 257-266. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB200203000.htm
    [55]
    秦大河.中国西部环境演变评估 (第一卷) 中国西部环境特征及其演变.北京:科学出版社, 2002: 71-103.
    [56]
    周尚哲, 李吉均.冰期之青藏高原新研究.地学前缘, 2001, 8 (1): 67-75. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXQY200101010.htm
    [57]
    朱抱真. 青藏高原对我国气候的影响∥中国科学技术蓝皮书 (第5号) 气候. 北京: 科学技术文献出版社, 1990: 20-324.
    [58]
    叶笃正, 杨广基.东亚和太平洋地区上空的平均垂直环流 (一).大气科学, 1979, 3 (1): 1-11. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK197901000.htm
    [59]
    钱正安, 吴统文, 吕世华, 等.夏季西北干旱气候形成的数值模拟高原地形和环流场等的研究.大气科学, 1998, 22 (5): 753-762. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK805.009.htm
    [60]
    郑庆林, 燕启民.青藏高原对其东北侧初夏干旱天气影响的数值研究.气象学报, 1994, 52 (1): 25-32. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB401.003.htm
    [61]
    吴爱明, 倪允琪.青藏高原对亚洲季风平均环流影响的数值试验.高原气象, 1997, 16 (2): 153-163. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GYQX702.004.htm
    [62]
    Tao Shiyan, Ding Yihui. Observational evidence of the influence of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau on the occurrence of heavy rain and severe convective storms in China. Bull Amer Meteor Sci, 1981, 62: 23-30. doi:  10.1175/1520-0477(1981)062<0023:OEOTIO>2.0.CO;2
    [63]
    朱国富, 陈受钧. 1995—1998年夏季青藏高原上及其领域对流活动的天气气候学特征∥陶诗言, 陈联寿, 徐祥德. 第二次青藏高原大气科学试验理论研究进展 (三). 北京: 气象出版社, 2000, 106-117.
    [64]
    柏晶瑜, 徐祥德, 周玉淑, 等.春季青藏高原感热异常对长江中下夏季降水影响的初步研究.应用气象学报, 2003, 14 (3): 363-368. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20030344&flag=1
    [65]
    叶笃正, 黄荣辉.长江黄河流域旱涝规律和成因研究.济南:山东科学技术出版社, 1996: 1-384.
    [66]
    白虎志, 谢金南, 李栋梁.青藏高原季风对西北降水影响的相关分析.甘肃气象, 2000, 18 (2): 10-12. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GSQX200002002.htm
    [67]
    任尚义.干旱概念的探讨.干旱地区农业研究, 1991, 9 (1): 78-80. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GHDQ199101012.htm
    [68]
    徐国昌. 青藏高原东北侧干旱的天气气候特征∥长期天气预报文集. 北京: 气象出版社, 1981: 125-133.
    [69]
    周秀骥, 罗超, 李维亮, 等.中国地区臭氧总量变化与青藏高原低值中心.科学通报, 1995, 40 (15): 1396-1398. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB199515015.htm
    [70]
    刘煜, 李维亮.青藏高原臭氧低值中心的加深及其可能的影响.气象学报, 2001, 59 (1): 97-105. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB200101010.htm
    [71]
    卞建春, 李维亮, 周秀骥. 青藏高原及其邻近地区流场结构季节性变化得特征分析∥周秀骥. 中国地区大气臭氧变化及其对气候环境的影响 (二). 北京: 气象出版社, 1997: 257-273.
    [72]
    付超, 李维亮, 周秀骥. 夏季青藏高原上空臭氧总量低值区形成的模拟试验∥周秀骥. 中国地区大气臭氧变化及其对气候环境的影响 (二). 北京: 气象出版社, 1997: 274-285.
    [73]
    丛春华, 李维亮, 周秀骥.青藏高原及其邻近地区上空平流层-对流层之间大气的质量交换.科学通报. 2001, 46 (22): 1914-1918. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-KXTB200122016.htm
    [74]
    李维亮, 于胜民.青藏高原地区气溶胶的时空分布特征及其辐射强迫和气候效应的数值模拟.中国科学 (D辑), 2001, 31 (增刊): 300-307. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK2001S1045.htm
    [75]
    Liu Yu, Li Weiliang, Zhou Xiuji, et al. Mechanism of formation of the ozone valley over Tibetan Plateau in summer: transport and chemical process of ozone. Adv Atmos Sci, 2003, 20 (1): 103-109. doi:  10.1007/BF03342054
    [76]
    刘煜, 李维亮, 周秀骥.青藏高原臭氧变化趋势的预测.中国科学 (D辑), 2001, 31 (增刊): 308-311. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JDXK2001S1046.htm
  • 加载中
  • -->

Catalog

    Figures(2)

    Article views (9408) PDF downloads(10797) Cited by()
    Proportional Views

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint