Li Zhanling, Xu Zongxue. Spatial and temporal analysis on annual temperature and precipitation during last 40 years in Gansu Province. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2009, 20(1): 102-107.
Citation: Li Zhanling, Xu Zongxue. Spatial and temporal analysis on annual temperature and precipitation during last 40 years in Gansu Province. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2009, 20(1): 102-107.

Spatial and Temporal Analysis on Annual Temperature and Precipitation During Last 40 Years in Gansu Province

  • Received Date: 2008-01-10
  • Rev Recd Date: 2008-10-15
  • Publish Date: 2009-02-28
  • Temporal features of annual temperature and precipitation at 28 stations in Gansu Province from 1960 to 2003 are analyzed using nonparametric Mann Kendall method and the accumulated departure approach. Spatial characteristics of these two variables in the 1960s and 1990s are detected using geostatistical method. It shows that the annual temperature has a significant increasing trend, while the precipitation has an insignificant decreasing trend at 0.1 significance level. Annual temperature experienced with low level from the 1960s to mid 1980s and with high level from 1986 to 2003, and abundant precipitation occurred in the 1970s and relative low in the 1990s at 0.05 significance level. Gaussian model is the best theoretical model for temperature semivariogram. 25% and 32% of total spatial variability in temperature is resulted from spatial autocorrelation in the 1960s and 1990s. Spherical model is the best model for precipitation semivariogram. The incidence of precipitation in the 1990s is smaller than that in the 1960s, and smaller than those of temperature in both 1960s and 1990s, indicating that the effects of local micro climate such as topography and slopes on precipitation is greater than those on temperature. 78% and 80% of total spatial variability in precipitation is attributed to spatial autocorrelation in the 1960s and 1990s, showing intensive spatial autocorrelation in precipitation in Gansu Province. Compared with the spatial variations from 1960s to 1990s, temperature increased in most of the regions, including the south of Longnan, Longdong, the east of Longzhong, Hexi Corridor plain, local area of Beishan middle mountains and the Qilian Mountains area. Precipitation tended to decrease in most of the regions, especially in Longnan area and Gannan Plateau area, while the situations in some local areas of Hexi Corridor plain and Beishan middle mountains area are on the contrary.
  • Fig. 1  Accumulated departures of precipitation and temperature from 1960 to 2003 in Gansu Province

    Fig. 2  Spatial characteristics for temperature and precipiatation in 1960s and 1990s in Gansu Province

    Table  1  Comparison of different theoretical models for temperature and precipitation experimental semivariograms

    Table  2  Model paramenters and precision tests for temperature and precipitation experimental semivariograms

    Table  3  Comparison of Ordinary Kriging and Coordinary Kriging for temperature and precipitation time series

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    • Received : 2008-01-10
    • Accepted : 2008-10-15
    • Published : 2009-02-28


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