Wu Qizhong, Wang Zifa, Cui Yingiie. Evaluating the solar radiation resources of China in recent 20 years by meteorological model. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2010, 21(3): 343-351.
Citation: Wu Qizhong, Wang Zifa, Cui Yingiie. Evaluating the solar radiation resources of China in recent 20 years by meteorological model. J Appl Meteor Sci, 2010, 21(3): 343-351.

Evaluating the Solar Radiation Resources of China in Recent 20 Years by Meteorological Model

  • Received Date: 2009-06-15
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-03-15
  • Publish Date: 2010-06-30
  • High resolution spatial and temporal distribution of the solar radiation resources in China in the past decades is simulated using the fifth generation Penn State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU/NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5), and its parameterization schemes are determined according to the numerical sensitive experiments results. The daily radiation observation data from 1975 to 1997 with good quality control is used to validate and evaluate the model performance, and to improve the simulation of the solar radiation with the optimal interpolation method, after which the mean absolute normalized gross error (MANGE) has decreased from 24.4% to 8.5% and the normalized mean bias (MB) has decreased from 20.6% to 3.5%.The simulated spatial distribution of the solar radiation shows that the solar radiation of the whole country is 5648.6 MJ/m2 per year on averge. The solar radiation is higher in western regions than in east, divided by the line from the middle western of the Inner Mongolia, to Ningxia, northwestern Gansu, western Sichuan and northwestern Yunnan provinces. To the west of this line, the radiation is more than 6000 MJ/m2 and to the east, the solar radiation in North China is highest. The inter annual variability tendency of the radiation from 1975 to 1997 is increase—decrease—increase, with the highest annual radiation in 1978 and the lowest in 1989. The solar radiation in each province is calculated from the simulated radiation after the optimal interpolation with the Geographical Information System (GIS) tools (based on ArcGIS 8.3 desktop) and classified according to their solar radiation resources. Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang provinces have the most solar radiation resources in China, and the averaged solar radiation in Tibet is more than 6900 MJ/m2 per year.
  • Fig. 1  The location of the solar radiation observation in China

    Fig. 2  The scatter diagram of simulated solar radiation before and after optimal interpolation from 1975 to 1997

    (a) before optimal interpolation, (b) after optimal interpolation

    Fig. 3  The spatial distribution of the annual solar radiation in China averaged from 1975 to 1997

    Fig. 4  The spatial distribution of the annual solar radiation in Tibet averaged from 1975 to 1997

    Fig. 5  The spatial distribution of the annual solar radiation in Nagquaver aged from 1975 to 1997

    Fig. 6  The annual averaged solar radiation inprovinces (marker is the solar radiation inprovinces, unit:MJ·m-2; the yellow denotes the solar energy-rich provinces; the green denotes solar energy-middle provinces; the purple denotes the other solar energy-general provinces)

    Fig. 7  The temporal series of the annual solar radiation in China averaged from 1975 to 1997

    Table  1  The deviation and error between simulated monthly solar radiation and the obsreved one before and after the optimal interpolation

  • [1]
    兴元特许金融分析师. 世界煤炭价格长期将继续上涨--解读《BP世界能源统计2007》. http:∥blog.cnstock.com/UploadFiles/2007-7/75161643.pdf.2007.
    中国新能源网. 太阳能光伏发电前景展望. http:∥www.newenergy.org.cn/Html/0068/200682-11246.html.2006.
    安徽省经济信息中心预测处. 世界石油生产与消费概述. http:∥www.in.ah.cn/analyses/blue/bluerop242.htm.2005.
    朱瑞兆, 祝昌汉, 薛桁.中国太阳能、风能资源及其利用.北京:气象出版社, 1988:19-55.
    于贵瑞, 何洪林, 刘新安, 等.中国陆地生态系统空间化信息研究图集--气候要素分卷.北京:气象出版社, 2004:25-33, 104-116.
    何洪林, 于贵瑞, 刘新安, 等.中国陆地生态信息空间化技术研究--太阳辐射要素.自然资源学报, 2004, 19(5):537-544. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZRZX200405019.htm
    李晓文, 李维亮, 周秀骥.中国近30年太阳辐射状况研究.应用气象学报, 1998, 9(1):24-31. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=19980104&flag=1
    傅炳珊, 陈渭民.用卫星资料计算我国东部地区晴空太阳辐射.南京气象学院学报, 2001, 24(2):178-185. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX200102004.htm
    王炳忠.太阳能辐射资源, 太阳能利用.北京:人民教育出版社, 1995:85-97.
    李海涛, 夏军, 沈文清, 等.MTCLIM模型系列研究报告 (3):辐射估算方法在我国亚热带山地的有效性验证.山地学报, 2003, 21(5):537-541. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA200305004.htm
    李海涛, 夏军, 沈文清, 等.MTCLIM模型系列研究报告 (4):辐射估算方法在我国南方亚热带山地的改进.山地学报, 2003, 21(5):542-551. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA200305005.htm
    张云林, 秦伯强, 陈伟民, 等.太湖无锡地区太阳总辐射的气候计算及特征分析.应用气象学报, 2003, 14(3):243-248. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20030341&flag=1
    杨羡敏, 曾燕, 邱新法.1960~2000年黄河流域太阳总辐射气候变化规律研究.应用气象学报, 2005, 16(4):339-347. http://qikan.camscma.cn/jams/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20050230&flag=1
    曾燕, 邱新法, 刘昌明, 等.起伏地形下黄河流域太阳直接辐射分布式模拟.地理学报, 2005, 60(4):680-688. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DLXB200504018.htm
    Grell G A, Dodhia J, Stauffer D R.A Description of the Fifth-Generation Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5).[National Center for Atmospheric Research:Tech Note NCAR/TN-398+STR1995.http:.www.mmm.ucar.edu/mm5/documents/mm5-desc-doc.html.
    中国科学院大气物理研究所.中国太阳辐射分布图.北京:气象出版社, 2008.
    中国气象科学数据共享服务网. 气象数据集说明文档--中国辐射国际交换站日值数据集. 2005. http://cdc.cma.gov.cn/shuju/index3.jsp?tpcat=RADI&dsid=RADI_MUL_CHN_DAY_CES.
    马有哲, 刘小宁, 许松.中国太阳辐射数据集及其质量检验分析.气象科技, 1998, 24(2):5-56. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXKJ802.009.htm
    吴其重. 我国太阳能时空分布特征的数值模拟及影响因子研究. 合肥: 中国科学技术大学, 2005: 12-19.
    Eliassen A.Provisional Report on Calculation of Spatial Covariance and Autocorrelation of the Pressure Field.Oslo:Institute of Weather and Climate Research, Academy of Science, 1954.
  • 加载中
  • -->


    Figures(7)  / Tables(1)

    Article views (9425) PDF downloads(4284) Cited by()
    Proportional Views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint