Ethics Statement

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Publishing ethics

1) The Journal follows the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE,

2) The Journal will use plagiarism detection software developed by CNKI and Wanfang Data to screen each submission. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed.

3) Content published in this journal is peer reviewed. We are committed to publishing original work by the named author or authors.

4) The editorial office strives to respect the protection of intellectual property and requires editors, authors and reviewers to do so. Any potential infringement should be avoided. Third-party infringement to the intellectual property of the Journal is prohibited.


For authors

1) Submission must be an original contribution by the named author or authors, and has never been published before. Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are considered unethical, and the bibliography information should be clearly annotated in the references. The data should be true and non-deceptive. All academic misconduct is strictly prohibited.

2) All authors should be contributors to the work. There should be no dispute in the author order, and the corresponding author should ensure that publication of the paper be authorized by all authors. Alteration of the author ranking should be determined before final review and should be consented by all authors. Authors are required to declare their contributions and submit the "Contribution Form" when submitting their manuscripts.

3) Funds information should be indicated in the manuscript. Support or aid for the publication of the work by persons having no author qualifications should be clearly stated in the acknowledgement.

4) The Journal is against any unethical publishing behavior (e.g. fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, duplicate submission, etc.). If any misconduct is found, sanctions will include: reject the submitted manuscript, retracting the paper, etc.

5) All authors must disclose all potential conflicts of interest, they are required to fill in and submit the "Statement of Competing Interests" when submitting their manuscripts.


For reviewers

1) Comments should be objective and fair. Opinions on the academic value and whether the paper can meet the publication standards should be clear and precise to avoid ambiguity.

2) A reviewer should respect different academic views and shall not make rude, aggressive comments. Serious scientific misconduct should be reported to the editorial office.

3) If a reviewer is not familiar with the research topic so that she/he cannot make a fair peer review, the editorial office should be informed. For papers with conflicts in interests or having shared benefits, avoidance of peer review is required.

4) When a peer review invitation is accepted, the review comments should be submitted within the planed time. Delays for completion of review should be notified to the editorial office in time.


For editors

1) Editors should make efforts to ensure the justice of manuscript review, and to ensure the timely process such as arranging peer review and publication promptly.

2) Editors should ensure the Journal publication on time with schedule, report innovative and thorough researches, give priority to publication of frontier research issues, and avoid publication with academic misconducts including but not limited to plagiarism/self-plagiarism.

3) A suitable and competent reviewers' database should be established and maintained. Quality of reviewing tasks by reviewers/editorial committee members should be truthfully recorded and evaluated.

4) Editors should convey the experts' review comments to the author timely, coordinate academic discussions and communications between the author and reviewer. Offensive or defamatory comments are not considered. The author's/authors' appeal on reviewer comments should be handled seriously. 

5) Editors should make recommendation (revision, rejection or acceptance) based on the innovations, originality, and relevance of the paper. For papers with conflicts in interests or having shared benefits, avoidance of processing the paper is required. Meanwhile, the author should be informed of the rights to make appeals on the final decision.

Contribution Form

Statement of Competing Interests

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